Chokri Belaid Biography

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Belaid was born in the town of Jebel Jelloud in Tunisia. He worked as a lawyer and was also part of the defence team of former Iraqi president Saddam Hussein during his trial for crimes against humanity.[4] He spoke out against a 2008 clampdown on miners, and was a noted political critic of Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, the strongman Tunisian leader in office for 25 years, whose 2011 self-exile to Saudi Arabia was the first tangible result of the Arab Spring uprisings.[2]

Belaid was the coordinator of the far-left Democratic Patriots’ Movement, which was part of a 12-member umbrella organisation called the Popular Front.[3] He was a strong critic of the supporters of fundamentalist Islam, sometimes refered to as Salafists, whose confrontational tactics since the change of government in 2011 have prevented some plays and music concerts from being held in Tunisian cities, as well as having been blamed for attacking the US Embassy in Tunisia in 2012.

Death

On 6 February 2013, as Belaid was leaving his house in the neighborhood of El Menzah 6, Tunis, he was shot by unknown assailant(s) four times in the head and chest.[6] According to France 24, Belaid died in hospital after being shot by three men in a black vehicle. Belaid had reportedly received multiple death threats in the days prior to his death.[3] The night before he was killed, Belaid had said; “All those who oppose Ennahda become the targets of violence.”[7] Earlier that week, Belaid said that the committees established out of the revolution were a “tool” used by the Islamists.[1]

Reactions

Following news of his death, police used tear gas to disperse thousands of people demonstrating in front of the Interior ministry in the Tunisian capital.[3] Other protests spontaneously occurred in other major cities throughout the country, including Sidi Bouzid where tear gas was also used to disperse protesters.[3][6] The interim President of Tunisia Moncef Marzouki cut short an overseas trip as a result of the protests. The Tunisian prime minister Hamadi Jebali called the killing,”a political assassination and the assassination of the Tunisian revolution.”[6] In a televised address, Jebali announced the formation of a caretaker government composed of technocrats, which would rule the country until elections were held.[4] The Islamist political party Ennahda issued a statement, denying any responsibility and calling the attack a “heinous crime” that targeted the “security and stability of Tunisia”.[6] The premises of Ennahda in the central town of Mezzouna and in the north-eastern town of El Kef were torched by demonstrators and the party’s office in Gafsa was ransacked.[4] Four opposition parties, Belaid’s own Popular Front bloc, the Call for Tunisia party, Al Massar party and Republican Party, announced that they were pulling out of the national assembly and called for a general strike.[4]

The spokesperson of the US State Department Victoria Nuland criticised the killing and called it an “outrageous and cowardly act.” She also called for a “fair, transparent and professional investigation to ensure that the perpetrators are brought to justice consistent with Tunisian law and international norms”.[6] The French president François Hollande stated that “this murder robs Tunisia of one of its most courageous and free voices”.[3] The German foreign minister Guido Westerwelle expressed his “horror” and “sadness” while the BritishForeign Office released a statement condemning the killing, calling it “[a] cowardly and barbaric act aimed at destabilising Tunisia’s democratic transition”

Using Social Media in Journalism

 

New Internet technologies are changing journalism


 

Twitter
Facebook
LinkedIn
Wordpress
MySpace
Flickr
Second Life
Wikipedia
Podcast
RSS
YouTube

Social media are Internet sites where people interact freely, sharing and discussing information about each other and their lives, using a multimedia mix of personal words, pictures, videos and audio. At these Web sites, individuals and groups create and exchange content and engage in person-to-person conversations. 

Social media appear in many forms including blogs and microblogs, forums and message boards, social networks, wikis, virtual worlds, social bookmarking, tagging and news, writing communities, digital storytelling and scrapbooking, and data, content, image and video sharing, podcast portals, and collective intelligence. 

There are lots of well-known sites such as Facebook, LinkedIn, MySpace, Twitter, YouTube, Flickr, WordPress, Blogger, Typepad, LiveJournal, Wikipedia, Wetpaint, PBworks, Wikidot, Second Life, Delicious, Digg, Reddit, Lulu and others. 

13 ways journalists use social media

  • Uncovering news tips
  • Gathering content for stories
  • Pursuing news sources and staying in touch
  • Reaching out and connecting with people
  • Friending or following influential community people
  • Discussing social and political trends
  • Learning how people feel about happenings
  • Sharing links to key resources
  • Reporting and clarifying rumors
  • Creating and circulating stories
  • Exploring significant comments and replies to know more
  • Interacting with readers, listeners and viewers
  • Promoting publication and production projects

opinion : Tunisia media scene is still suffering

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“ I think that the revolution gave the Tunisia medias a lot of freedom and helped them to break the silence . But at the same time media scene is still suffering from the absence of a legal framework governing journalistic work. This underlines the need for a legal framework regulating the work of journalists and agreed ethics” .

 
 Marwen ben sghaier

What makes someone a social media expert?

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 Social media expert is a very vague term and the “in” thing to say at job interviews. Most small businesses looking to do “social media” will hire anyone who touts words like “blogging, facebook, twitter, followers, social media expert”. Hence, you will see anybody use this term.

But, a true social media expert must have and be able to do the following things:
- have a blog and be writing on it regularly
- be in the social realm for at least 2+ years
- their answer to “what is social media” should include more than “facebook, twitter and blogging”.
- must know how to execute a social media campaign
- must know how to monitor a social media campaign
- must be familiar with various tools, know how to use them together
- must know how to build a following organically. Anybody can buy twitter followers or YouTube likes. But, bought “followers” and “likes” don’t generate .
- knows that social media and seo are not the same and understands how they compliment each other.
- they should also have a fun personality. A serious c-level executive type personality normally does not do well in the social realm.

                                                                     Marwen Ben sghaier